sample heating and manipulation.

Depending on sample size and temperature requirements we offer:

  • Laser heating
  • Resistive heating
  • Radiation heating
  • Direct current heating
  • Sample size up to 4” wafers, sample temperature up to 1100C.
    Heater stages have up to five degrees of freedom of movement to ensure maximum sample alignment flexibility for RHEED studies. All heating solutions are compatible with high oxygen pressure environment.

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